Policies and Laws: Jobs and Education
Time Capsule, Year I Was Born, 1971 - Now
1971 Federal aid to Native American education by the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund and the Harvard University Center for Law and Education
1971 Seize and Occupy of Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (Feb 27-May 8, 1973), Wounded Knee, South Dakota: 200 Oglala Sioux Indians and American Indian Movement
1972 Title IX of the Education Amendments: Prohibited discrimination against students based on sex and imposed limits on single-gender institutions
1973 The Arab Oil Embargo; 35 Million women were in the labor force (e.g., single, divorced, widowed, separated, or husband's who earned less than $7,000 per year); a veto of a comprehensive child care bill
1973 Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act 1973
1974 Equal Educational Opportunities Act
1974 Bilingual Education Act 1974
1974 Educational Amendments: Consolidated some federal programs and established the National Center for Educational Statistics.
1974 Housing and Community Development Act consolidates programs into Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program. Section 8 tenant-based certificates increase low-income tenants' choice of housing. Gerald R. Ford becomes president following Nixon's resignation. Source: Hud.gov
1975 Energy Policy and Conservation Act; Education for All Handicapped Children Act;
1975 Age Discrimination Act 1975
1975 Tax Code Enacted or Accepted as law
1977 Rosalyn Carter was the first, first lady to have an "Office of the First Lady" at the White House.
1978 Career Educational Incentive Act: Provided for the creation of career education programs in elementary and secondary schools; The National Energy Act
1979 Department of Education Organization Act (Pres. Jimmy Carter - Democrat): Created the cabinet-level Department of Education by consolidating education programs from other federal departments.
1981 The first woman was sworn in to sit on the United States Supreme Court under Reagan's administration.
1982 Job Training Partnership Act: Adult and Youth Program Enacted
1983 Report on the current state of the nation's education system by the National Commission on Excellence in Education. A public report titled A Nation at Risk and America's Competitive Challenge: The Need for a Response and Action for Excellence: A Comprehensive Plan to improve Our Nation's Schools
1983 77% of the population was of a White-race majority in the U.S.
1984 Child Abuse Amendments of 1984
1985 Introduction of the charter school model
1985 Montgomery GI Bill: Provided education benefits to veterans entering active duty after 1985 (extended in 1991).
1986 Public report titled A Nation Prepared and Tomorrow's Teachers
1986 Age Discrimination in Employment Act Amendments of 1986
1986 Americans with Disabilities Act
1986 Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act
1987 Creation of the Nongovermental National Board for Professional Teaching Standards
1988 Drug-Free Workplace Act; Lead Contamination Control Act; Ocean Dumping Ban Act (Pres. Reagan-Republican)
1988 Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training Program (Reagan-Republican)
1988 Indian Housing Act gives HUD new responsibilities for housing needs of Native Americans and Alaskan Indians.
1990 Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments; Older Workers Benefit Protection Act: Americans with Disabilities Act; Multi-Age Classroom introduced
1991 Education Report from the National Education Goals Panel
1991 America 2000: An Education Strategy: Released by former president, George Bush, Sr-Republican
1992 Goals 2000: Distributed by former president William Clinton-Democrat;
Educate America Act: Created the National Education Standards and Improvement Council to develop voluntary national skills standards for local districts.
1993 Family and Medical Leave Act
1994 The Americans with Disabilities Act was passed by Congress.
1995 Privatization of local public schools. Selected public schools participated in organizing as a "for-profit" school model.
1996 Proposition 209 (California): Prohibits the use of race-based and gender-based preference in hiring, contracting, and education.
1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act. Passed the House July 18, 1996. Passed the Senate July 23, 1996 (My birthday and the final year of me being visually seen as a full-time educator at Title 1 School Zone, Chestertown, Maryland). Signed into law by (Pres. William Clinton-Democrat) on August 22, 1996.
1997 Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997: Created the Hope Scholarship Program for college students.
1997 Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (Pres. William Clinton-Democrat) aka Aid to Families with Dependent Children (1935).
1998 Charter School Expansion Act: Provided for expansion of charter schools; Workforce Investment Act; Hope Scholarship Credit and Lifetime Learning Credit (college)
2001 Education Report from the National Education Goals Panel
2001 No Child Left Behind Act: Reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and contains the policy initiatives of President George W. Bush, Jr., which include testing and accountability measures and school choice provisions for parents of children attending low performing schools.
2005 Deficit Reduction Act of 2005
2006 Democratic party took over or regained the majority vote of the House (Congress).
2007 Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher Education (TEACH) Grant Program adopted.
2012 Making College Affordability Act enacted by President Barack Obama-Democrat; (National or Per State) Common Core.
Queen Anne's County High School
(Office Technology, external program college prep),
class of 1989
Delaware State College
*closed major while in process during my last semester before graduation, No degree issued. This was "the" only college to offer such a specialized, dual-major concentration. Expected job outcome: certified state teacher to principal with completion of additional coursework (if needed) and state educational work requirements (such as mininum work-time experience is needed in order to be hired as a principal staff member).
Sojourner Douglass College
(fulfilling degree courses requested by Delaware State while in attendance)
(B.S., General Studies)
Jones International University
(M.A.B.C., Leadership and Supervision)
Age 7 - 15, 1978-1986
Youngest 4-H Youth Member,
Chestertown, Kent Cty, Maryland
Age 15 - 16, 1986-1987
Summer Government Employee
Age 17 - 18, 1987-1988
Kent County 4-H Ambassador
Age 17, 1989
Passed state clerical
career exam (high achievement); listed on approved-to-hire of any/all State of Maryland's state-government agencies.
Age 18 - 21, 1989-1992
Full-time Government Employee
State Highway Administration
Dept. of Transportation
Left to explore Education career plan, local school district and early childhood,
home daycare provider
Age 22 - on-going, open contract
Full-time Government Employee
local school district of Kent County
*School district- I was a volunteer, community youth tutor, and a substitute teacher
(worked daily) before being hired on a full-time basis, employment contract and employee benefits.
Odd ed jobs of neighboring school districts until re-assigned of on-going contract with local school district of Kent County
Last position worked, Instructional Asst. (IA), Alternative Classroom: I developed program model to be used at the middle-school academic level, and had a separate classroom independent of traditional IA job description.
Age 34-35, 2005-2006
Passed and renewed another State of Maryland's clerical career exam; profile available for open job opportunities.
I have sought back-pay and benefits and consideration of student loans during time of education employment work experiences (beginning August 1997 - Present), instead the state of Maryland placed me on SSI and is my legal representation during employment law matter. I would like to add 4-year college stipend for my two older girls and 2-year college stipend for my younger two kids; It is my pursuit to have my own indendent legal representation on my behalf, but I have yet to find a lawyer who is willing to accept case.
If you are a lawyer and are willing to accept case, email me at email@example.com
Case to be heard in
Kent County, Maryland